Q&A: How Can I Shingle a Roof From The Top Down?

Q: How can I install asphalt shingles on a roof from the top down? I’ve heard this is better since you never walk on the shingles as they’re being installed, but how is this possible? Shingles need to overlap correctly to shed water, right?

A: You’re right about the advantage of shingling from the top down. No one ever walks on the shingles, so they don’t get scuffed and worn by foot traffic. This is especially valuable in hot weather when shingles are soft. The thing is, the term “shingling from the top down” is a bit of a misnomer, since the shingles still get installed from lower to higher areas. It’s just that you tackle the job in stages, with each stage happening from higher to lower levels of the roof. The end result is no different in the final installation. I shingle the regular way and the “top-down” way and I like top-down better. Besides preventing foot traffic on the shingles, top-down is better if your roof is steep enough that it requires roof jacks and boards to walk on. These jacks never have to be installed under the shingles with the top-down approach.

Start by measuring down some distance from the top of the roof that’s an even increment of the exposure of your shingles. Let’s say each layer of your shingles is made to have 5 inches of surface exposed after installation. You’d measure down and mark a line that’s 45-, 50 or 55 inches below the peak – whichever is comfortable for you. Snap a chalk line at this location on the roof as a guideline, then nail down one row of shingles along this line, driving nails only along the top edge of this row for now. Add another row of shingles above this one, in the normal way, with normal nail locations. Continue shingling upwards to the peak. When you’re all done, measure down again, but this time from the bottom edge of the group of shingles you just installed. Once again, mark a line along the roof deck that’s some multiple of the exposure width of the shingles. Start shingling up from this second line just as you did before, until you come to the row that must tuck underneath the first group of shingles you put down. Here you simply bend up the bottom row of the first group of shingles, slip the top row of the second group underneath, then nail them down. Finish up by driving nails into the middle of the first row of shingles you installed (in the usual locations), then move down the roof and continue the process. It sounds complicated, but it’s simple. Just remember, shingle upwards in groups, with each group being installed lower than the previous one. If you measure correctly (and it’s easy to be correct here), one section of shingles will seamlessly mesh with the one above it.

If you’re shingling your roof, might as well do all you can to make sure the roof decking doesn’t come off in a big wind. Most catastrophic roof failures during storms happens because plywood roof sheathing gets pulled off of rafters and trusses. Special nails are made to reduce this risk. Click below to see a roof being improved by adding these nails as part of a reshingling job.

Posted on April 20th, 2018